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Blin, T., Käkinen, A., Pilkington, E.H., Ivask, A., Ding, F., Quinn, J.F., Whittaker, M.R., Ke, P.C., and Davis, T.P. (2016) Synthesis and in vitro properties of iron oxide nanoparticles grafted with brushed phosphorylcholine and polyethylene glycol, Polymer Chemistry 7, 1931-1944.


Blinova, I., Kanarbik, L., Sihtmäe, M., and Kahru, A. (2016) Toxicity of Water Accommodated Fractions of Estonian Shale Fuel Oils to Aquatic Organisms, Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 70, 383-391.


Bondarenko, O.M., Heinlaan, M., Sihtmäe, M., Ivask, A., Kurvet, I., Joonas, E., Jemec, A., Mannerström, M., Heinonen, T., Rekulapelly, R., Singh, S., Zou, J., Pyykkö, I., Drobne, D., and Kahru, A. (2016) Multilaboratory evaluation of 15 bioassays for (eco)toxicity screening and hazard ranking of engineered nanomaterials: FP7 project NANOVALID, Nanotoxicology 10, 1229-1242.



Bondarenko, O.M., Ivask, A., Kahru, A., Vija, H., Titma, T., Visnapuu, M., Joost, U., Pudova, K., Adamberg, S., Visnapuu, T., and Alamäe, T. (2016) Bacterial polysaccharide levan as stabilizing, non-toxic and functional coating material for microelement-nanoparticles, Carbohydrate Polymers 136, 710-720.



Ge, Y., Priester, J.H., Mortimer, M., Chang, C.H., Ji, Z., Schimel, J.P., and Holden, P.A. (2016) Long-term effects of multi-walled carbon nanotubes and graphene on microbial communities in dry soil, Environmental Science and Technology 50, 3965-3974.


Heinlaan, M., Muna, M., Knöbel, M., Kistler, D., Odzak, N., Kühnel, D., Müller, J., Gupta, G.S., Kumar, A., Shanker, R., and Sigg, L. (2016) Natural water as the test medium for Ag and CuO nanoparticle hazard evaluation: An interlaboratory case study, Environmental Pollution 216, 689–699.


Holden, P.A., Gardea-Torresdey, J.L., Klaessig, F., Turco, R.F., Mortimer. M., Hund-Rinke, K., Cohen Hubal, E.A., Avery, D., Barceló, D., Behra, R., Cohen, Y., Deydier-Stephan, L., Ferguson, P.L., Fernandes, T.F., Herr Harthorn, B., Henderson, W.M., Hoke, R.A., Hristozov, D., Johnston, J.M., Kane, A.B., Kapustka, L., Keller, A.A., Lenihan, H.S., Lovell, W., Murphy, C.J., Nisbet, R.M., Petersen, E.J., Salinas, E.R., Scheringer, M., Sharma, M., Speed, D.E., Sultan, Y., Westerhoff, P., White, J.C., Wiesner, M.R., Wong, E.M., Xing, B., Steele Horan, M., Godwin, H.A., and Nel, A.E. (2016) Considerations of Environmentally Relevant Test Conditions for Improved Evaluation of Ecological Hazards of Engineered Nanomaterials, Environmental Science and Technology 50, 6124–6145.

Ivask, A., Visnapuu, M., Vallotton, P., Marzouk, E.R., Lombi, E., and Voelcker, N.H. (2016) Quantitative multimodal analyses of silver nanoparticle-cell interactions: Implications for cytotoxicity, NanoImpact 1, 29-38.


Jemec, A., Kahru, A., Potthoff, A., Drobne, D., Heinlaan, M., Böhme, S., Geppert, M., Novak, S., Schirmer, K., Rekulapally, R., Singh, S., Aruoja, V., Sihtmäe, M., Juganson, K., Käkinen, A., and Kühnel, D. (2016) An interlaboratory comparison of nanosilver characterisation and hazard identification: harmonising techniques for high quality data, Environment International 87, 20-32.



Kos, M., Kahru, A., Drobne, D., Singh, S., Kalčíková, G., Kühnel, D., Rohit, R., Žgajnar Gotvajn, A., and Jemec, A. (2016) A case study to optimise and validate the brine shrimp Artemia franciscana immobilisation assay with silver nanoparticles: the role of harmonisation, Environmental Pollution 213, 173-183.


Käkinen, A., Kahru, A., Nurmsoo, H., Kubo, A.-L., and Bondarenko, O.M. (2016) Solubility-driven toxicity of CuO nanoparticles to Caco2 cells and Escherichia coli: effect of sonication energy and test environment, Toxicology in vitro 36, 172-179.


Käosaar, S., Kahru, A., Mantecca, P., and Kasemets, K. (2016). Profiling of the toxicity mechanisms of coated and uncoated silver nanoparticles to yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae BY4741 using a set of its 9 single-gene deletion mutants defective in oxidative stress response, cell wall or membrane integrity and endocytosis. Toxicology in vitro 35, 149-162.


Malysheva, A., Ivask, A., Hager, C., Brunetti, G., Marzouk, E. R., Lombi, E., and Voelcker, N. H. (2016). Sorption of silver nanoparticles to laboratory plastic during (eco)toxicological testing. Nanotoxicology 10, 385−390.


Mortimer, M., Petersen, E.J., Buchholz, B.A., and Holden, P.A. (2016). Separation of Bacteria, Protozoa and Carbon Nanotubes by Density Gradient Centrifugation, Nanomaterials 6, 181.


Mortimer, M., Petersen, E.J., Buchholz, B.A., Orias, E., and Holden, P.A. (2016). Bioaccumulation of Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes in Tetrahymena thermophila by Direct Feeding or Trophic Transfer, Environmental Science and Technology 50, 8876-8885.


Titma, T., Shimmo, R., Siigur, J., and Kahru, A.  (2016). Toxicity of antimony, copper, cobalt, manganese, titanium and zinc oxide nanoparticles for the alveolar and intestinal epithelial barrier cells in vitro, Cytotechnology 68, 2363-2377.

Joonas, E., Aruoja, V., Olli, K., and Kahru, A. (2016) Toxic effects of (doped) rare earth oxides and their constituent metals on algae Raphidocelis subcapitata, Toxicology Letters 258, S210.


Juganson, K., Blinova, I., Vija, H., and Kahru, A. (2016) The effects of rare earth composite oxide mesoparticles and their ionic constituents to the ciliated protozoan Tetrahymena thermophila, Toxicology Letters 258, S149.